Web App Development ~ Popular Backend Frameworks


October 2022

A company’s goal is to meet the needs of its customers by implementing the most widely used libraries, frameworks, and tools. The development of interactive and efficient web applications requires frameworks.


A frontend framework mainly caters to the user experience, while the backend framework facilitates the overall functionalities of the application. Backend frameworks serve as libraries for server-side languages that modify and simplify the creation of server configurations for the websites.


Technology has moved forward so quickly that it’s hard to keep up sometimes, but luckily one technology category that rarely goes out of style is web app development frameworks. As the name implies, these are technologies used in backend systems – the elements of an app or website that aren’t seen by the user but that make it possible from the code perspective.


Using the most relevant backend web app development tools will help you make the most of tech stacks and programming languages suitable for the needs of your project. 


This list will cover the top 8 most popular frameworks currently available, and what they can offer to developers in terms of ease of use and functionality. Let’s get started!


What is a Web App Development Framework?


A web application framework is a software development framework that is designed to streamline the development of web applications. A web application framework typically provides a set of tools and libraries that can be used to build web applications. These tools and libraries can provide functionality such as database access, user authentication, and session management.


While there are many different web application frameworks available, they all typically provide similar functionality and each has its strengths and weaknesses. This makes it easier for developers to choose a framework that best suits their needs. 


Additionally, using a web application framework can help to speed up the development process by providing a set of tools that are already tested and proven to work well together.


Choosing the right web application framework for your project depends on your needs and the preferences of your development team.


Why Do Web App Development Frameworks Matter?


The time-saving capabilities of frameworks are highly attractive. With less initial work, you can complete projects within a predetermined timeline and budget.


Frameworks take care of tasks such as default browser settings, file structures, and layout templates for your web app. This automation generates a uniform design for page elements, including but not limited to text, tables, forms, and buttons. 


Even complicated navigation menus become standardized with frameworks, as they can be applied with consistency and ease across your web app. Regardless of whether a developer uses a full front-end framework or a lightweight option, frameworks are an efficient tool that every developer should consider.


Recognized frameworks offer more ease in collaboration as developers can access the same libraries for design conventions without having to resort to individual, opinionated decisions. In addition to this, tutorials and articles on how to use any particular set of frameworks effectively are also widely available.

Utilizing a framework has many benefits, one of which is the assistance involved in web app development that is easily accessible and viewable across different browsers on different devices. using dynamic code, with classes that can be reused and formatted to take the device and browser into account can help you achieve it.


Because contemporary users are just as likely to view applications on their mobile devices as they are on their computers, it is essential to have a responsive app that creates an engaging user experience no matter which interface the user interacts with.


Best for Backend Web App Development - How to Choose?


In general, web application frameworks make it easier to develop web applications by providing tools and libraries that abstract away some of the complexity. They can also provide guidance on how to develop web applications, which can be helpful for teams that are new to web development.


If you're new to web development, you may be wondering how to choose the right framework for your project. The best way to decide is to understand your options and then select the framework that best meets your needs.


A framework may provide functionality for routing, managing request and response data, and handling common errors. Some web application frameworks also include template engines, which allow developers to use pre-written code to create HTML pages.


For most of the backend web app development functionalities, such as data management and manipulation, and web server management, server-side frameworks are widely preferred.


While there are many different web application frameworks available, some of the most popular ones include:

  1. Ruby on Rails
  2. PHP
  3. Java
  4. Node.js
  5. Javascript
  6. Python
  7. Kotlin
  8. C#

Let’s read on to know more about them!

Ruby on Rails

Also commonly termed as Rails, ROR is an open-source backend web applications development framework with incorporated patterns such as MVC (model-view-controller) and DRY (Don’t repeat yourself).


Key Features

Ruby on Rails, being one of the best backend frameworks, offer its share of some remarkable features including:

  • Robust and well-built automatic testing features, offering great accuracy, easy control, and better consistency
  • Fast and quick-paced development, thus saving a lot of time and ensuring excellent quality
  • You can easily hire ROR developers from their widely placed community across the world

Related Blog: Ruby vs Elixir: A Detailed Comparison


PHP is one of the most commonly used programming languages in backend web app development. Laravel is a PHP framework that is built on MVC architecture.


Key Features

PHP is a beginner-friendly framework offering unique features including:

  • User-friendly and catchy interface
  • An extensive library of web app development tools
  • Amazing API support
  • Simplified backend web development features
  • One of the easiest backend frameworks to build scalable and secure web applications


An old programming language that has retained its position for all these years as a top choice for web app developers, Java is an object-oriented backend framework to build a web or mobile applications.


Key Features


Java has always been the developer’s favorite for years because of its simplicity and ease of development. Apart from this, some of its most practical advantages are:

  • A high-end programming language with syntaxes almost similar to the English language, thus offering an easy understanding of the overall process
  • Being a platform-independent framework, Java provides maximum flexibility and compatibility with almost all the web app development tools
  • A stable and distributed framework with efficient memory storage and management system
  • Extensively widespread community of developers around the world


Node.js is considered a blessing for new web app developers to create robust and scalable server-side backend web applications. It mainly collects the data and then adds, deletes, or updates it as per the requirements. Once done, it sends the updated response back to the client, all within a matter of seconds.


Key Features


Run on a Javascript run-time environment, Node.js offers the following useful features.

  • Offers an asynchronous ambiance with an event-driven framework
  • Compatible with multiple webs and mobile app development frameworks
  • Single-threaded pattern with fast data streaming and minimal buffering options
  • Improved versions are launched every other year, thus making it an all-seasoned backend framework
  • Popular and widespread developers community 

  You might be interested in  Why Use Node.js as a Backend for Your Application - Guide


A multi-paradigm functional backend web app development framework, Javascript is often compared with Java due to its many similar yet enhanced features.


Key Features


Javascript (also commonly written as JS) offers its own set of distinctive features including:

  • Dynamic code handling and generation
  • As a client-side backend framework, JS offers a simplified and validated client’s inputs and generated HTML content
  • With better handling of date and time, Javascript easily performs the easiest backend framework functions like detecting the client’s browsers or OS



Considered to be a dynamically typed backend framework, Python offers an open-sourced, high-end, and well-interpreted set of tools and libraries. 


Key Features


Offering both object-oriented and procedure-oriented domains, Python is an extensible language with many integrated features:

  • It comes with a scalable GUI (Graphical User-Interface). This feature empowers the backend web app developers to build graphically sound applications and programs.
  • It’s an easy-to-debug framework. Developers can easily identify errors and promptly rectify them by just looking at the code written in Python.
  • Python offers a rich set of modules and libraries for both front-end and backend web app development, thus making it a treat for the developers to write codes



Kotlin is considered one of the best backend frameworks with its all-purpose, dynamically stable, and well-programmed traits. It was initially designed for Android and Java Virtual Machine (JVM), offering a combination of both object-oriented and open-sourced functionalities.


Key Features

  • With extensive compatibility with all Android versions as this framework/programming language, it is a top choice for mobile app development processes.
  • Easily identified as one of the easiest backend frameworks, it’s a top choice for beginners. Even the developers who are still trying to learn how to code can easily write one with Kotlin because of its simplified platform.
  • Kotlin is compatible with Java and Javascript frameworks and interfaces.
  • Comprehensive backend support capabilities 


An enhanced and relatively new web app development framework, C# is used to build web applications, app stores, and mobile applications for both iOS and Android. It is a modern, dynamically stable, and fast web app development framework.


Key Features

  • Considered to be a .NET backend framework, it highly supports language interoperability, which means that C# can access or inherit the codes in any .NET compatible language
  • Offers features like Indexers, primitive data, Pre-processors, and structures that cannot be found in any other Java-enabled backend frameworks
  • Despite handling complex backend processes, C# itself is a simple and easy-to-code web app development framework that has become immensely popular recently.

Final Thoughts


Web app development can be a daunting task, but with the help of the right backend framework, it can be a breeze. The majority of the backend web app development frameworks are written in high-end programming languages, offering dynamic functionalities and attributes to execute your project. 


You can consider your project half done already once you opt for an accurate server environment and the right software development company. Just make sure that the framework you select offers speed, security, and scalability. 


Follow the requirements of your projects and your company to decide on the most optimal technology that is aligned with the latest industry trends.


Still, confused about which backend web application development framework to go for? Contact ARFASOFTECH today for a free consultation. Our team of software experts can collaborate with you to validate your idea and help you choose the best web app development framework for backend development and to develop next-gen web applications.


Fahad Ali, Author

Fahad is PM at ARFASOFTECH but has a knack for writing. He enjoys writing about the latest technologies and evolving trends. Most of his writings revolve around trending technologies and their integration into operations.

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