At ARFASOFTECH, we like to stay ahead of the game and keep an eye on what tools are being used where. So let’s take a look at the most-used programming languages — using the TIOBE Index. (The TIOBE Programming Community Index is a list that pulls from search engines and web apps to determine both the usage and relevancy of software architecture.)
Taking a look at the TIOBE Index shows that a lot of popular languages are very multi-faceted, and are used for many web apps and enterprise platforms (such as Java).
#1 - Java
Was also #1 in April 2020. Basically the most popular programming language for the past couple decades. Built so app developers can “write once, run anywhere” (WORA) — meaning that compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support it (without recompilation). Especially popular for client-server web applications and serves as the base for the Android operating system.
#2 - C Language
Was also #2 in April 2020. A general-use language used for operating systems, as well as various app software, C was introduced in the late 1970s. Even though it’s that old, C is the popular choice for building high-performance applications.
#3 - C++
Was also #3 in April 2020. Another general-use language, C++ is almost always used as a compiled language. It’s available on many platforms, as vendors like Microsoft, Intel, and IBM provide C++ compilers. Preferred over others for designing higher-level applications.
#4 - Python
Was also #4 in April 2020. A high-level, general-purpose language emphasizing code readability and using lots of whitespace. It’s clear, intuitive, and even resembles the English language. Very popular in scientific computing, machine learning and engineering.
#5 - Visual Basic.NET
Was #6 in April 2020, switching places with C#. Launched by Microsoft in 2002 to replace Visual Basic language. One of the two main languages targeting the .NET framework.
#6 - C#
Was #5 in April 2020, switching places with Visual Basic.NET. Developed in early 2000s by Microsoft (as part of its .NET initiative), C# is one of the languages designed for the Common Language Infrastructure. Perfect for developing web applications, desktop applications, and even VR, 2D, and 3D gaming.
#8 - SQL
Was #9 in April 2020. Short for Structured Query Language, this domain-specific language is especially useful in operating databases. It’s often used across web frameworks and database applications.
#9 - PHP
Was #7 in April 2020. Originally designed for web development in the mid-1990s, this general-purpose programming language can be used for many programming tasks beyond the web context — such as standalone graphical applications and robotic drone control. Popular with web developers around the world, it’s used in more than 80% of websites.
#10 - Assembly language
Was #14 in April 2020. Often abbreviated ASM, this describes any low-level programming language with a strong correspondence between the program’s statements and the architecture’s machine code instructions.
Clearly, change amongst the top 10 is minimal at best. In fact, the current top 4 are the exact same top 4 from a year ago. C++ and Python are both quite popular; in fact, they’re the two languages that have grown the most in popularity over the past year.
At ARFASOFTECH, we’ve used a variety of them across many projects, especially Java, Python, C#, Objective-C (which just missed the top 10, and is actually #11) and SQL.
Interested in learning more about programming languages — and which one(s) are right for your website or app? Contact us today for your custom software development needs!